Benjamin


Benjamin
   Son of my right hand.
   1) The younger son of Jacob by Rachel (Gen. 35:18). His birth took place at Ephrath, on the road between Bethel and Bethlehem, at a short distance from the latter place. His mother died in giving him birth, and with her last breath named him Ben-oni, son of my pain, a name which was changed by his father into Benjamin. His posterity are called Benjamites (Gen. 49:27; Deut. 33:12; Josh. 18:21).
   The tribe of Benjamin at the Exodus was the smallest but one (Num. 1:36, 37; Ps. 68:27). During the march its place was along with Manasseh and Ephraim on the west of the tabernacle. At the entrance into Canaan it counted 45,600 warriors. It has been inferred by some from the words of Jacob (Gen. 49:27) that the figure of a wolf was on the tribal standard. This tribe is mentioned in Rom. 11:1; Phil. 3:5.
   The inheritance of this tribe lay immediately to the south of that of Ephraim, and was about 26 miles in length and 12 in breadth. Its eastern boundary was the Jordan. Dan intervened between it and the Philistines. Its chief towns are named in Josh. 18:21-28.
   The history of the tribe contains a sad record of a desolating civil war in which they were engaged with the other eleven tribes. By it they were almost exterminated (Judg. 20:20, 21; 21:10). (See Gibeah.)
   The first king of the Jews was Saul, a Benjamite. A close alliance was formed between this tribe and that of Judah in the time of David (2 Sam. 19:16, 17), which continued after his death (1 Kings 11:13; 12:20). After the Exile these two tribes formed the great body of the Jewish nation (Ezra 1:5; 10:9).
   The tribe of Benjamin was famous for its archers (1 Sam. 20:20, 36; 2 Sam. 1:22; 1 Chr. 8:40; 12:2) and slingers (Judge. 20:6).
   The gate of Benjamin, on the north side of Jerusalem (Jer. 37:13; 38:7; Zech. 14:10), was so called because it led in the direction of the territory of the tribe of Benjamin. It is called by Jeremiah (20:2) "the high gate of Benjamin;" also "the gate of the children of the people" (17:19). (Comp. 2 Kings 14:13.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benjamin — (Hebrew Name|בִּנְיָמִין|Binyamin|Binyāmîn) in the Book of Genesis, is a son of Jacob, the second (and last) son of Rachel, and the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Benjamin [Genesis 35:18] ; in the Biblical account, unlike Rachel s first son… …   Wikipedia

  • BENJAMIN — (Heb. בִּנְיָמִין), youngest son of jacob by rachel (Gen. 35:16–18), and the eponym of the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the only one of Jacob s sons to be born in Canaan. Little is told of his life and personality. Our preserved texts… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • benjamin — benjamin, ine [ bɛ̃ʒamɛ̃, in ] n. • fin XVIIe « enfant préféré »; nom du plus jeune fils de Jacob, littéralt « fils du bonheur » 1 ♦ Le, la plus jeune d une famille, d un groupe. ⇒ cadet, dernier né. La benjamine de la famille, de la classe. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benjamin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Benjamin hace referencia a: Benjamin Amos, futbolista inglés; Benjamin Biolay, cantautor y productor discográfico francés; Benjamin Britten, compositor británico; Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, político y escritor… …   Wikipedia Español

  • BENJAMIN (W.) — Penseur engagé sur plusieurs fronts et circulant volontiers de l’un à l’autre, Walter Benjamin doit son irrésistible fulgurance à la mobilité avec laquelle il se déplace. Ses sauts de tigre (la dialectique passe toujours chez lui par la voie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benjamin — • The youngest son of Jacob born of Rachel Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Benjamin     Benjamin     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Benjamin — (hebr. „Glückskind“, „Kind des Glücks“) bezeichnet: Benjamin (Vorname); männlicher Vorname, siehe dort Etymologie, Varianten und Namensträger Benjamin (Familienname); Träger des Nachnamens Benjamin (Bibel), der jüngste Sohn des Patriarchen Jakob… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • benjamin — BENJAMÍN s.m. (Rar) Cel mai mic copil al unei familii; cel mai tânăr membru al unui grup. – Din fr. benjamin. Trimis de paula, 02.06.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  benjamín s. m., pl. benjamíni Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … …   Dicționar Român

  • Benjamín — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Benjamín (desambiguación). Del hebreo Ben iamin: hijo de la diestra. Se refiere a la derecha como símbolo de fuerza o virtud. Según la Biblia es el hijo menor del patriarca… …   Wikipedia Español

  • BENJAMIN II — (originally Israel Joseph Benjamin; 1818–1864), Romanian explorer and writer born in Falticeni, Moldavia. He engaged first in the lumber trade (for this reason he was nicknamed Chiristigiu or Lumberjack ) but after some initial success, he lost… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Benjamin II — was the pen name of a Romanian traveler; born at Fălticeni, Moldavia (now in Romania), in 1818; died at London May 3, 1864. Married young, he engaged in the lumber business, but losing his modest fortune, he gave up commerce. Being of an… …   Wikipedia